The Eastern Antarctic Plateau claims the title of the coldest area on Earth. According to satellite data from Dome Argus and Dome Fuji in 2004 and 2016, air temperatures on the Eastern Antarctic Plateau were around -94 degrees Celsius. Land temperatures, meanwhile, are believed to fall as low as -98 degrees Celsius.
Outside of Antarctica, Denali, a mountain peak in Alaska, has the lowest recorded temperatures. Denali is 6,000 m above sea level and has an average temperature of -10 degrees Celsius. Between 1950 and 1969, temperatures fell to a record-low of -73 degrees Celsius, and wind chills recorded -83.4 degrees Celsius.
The Hottest Place
Death Valley in California holds the record for the highest air temperature on Earth. On July 10, 1913, temperatures reached a blistering 56.7 degrees Celsius in one area aptly named Furnace Creek. Average summer temperatures, meanwhile, tend to rise above 45 degrees Celsius.
However, Death Valley succumbs to two other spots in surface temperature. A recent analysis of high-resolution satellite data revealed that the Lut Desert in Iran and the Sonoran Desert along the Mexican-U.S. border have the highest surface temperatures, at 80.8 degrees Celsius.
The Rainiest Place
The location with the highest average annual rainfall is the village of Mawsynram in northeastern India. Mawsynram receives almost 12,000 mm of rain per year. In 1985, the area received 26,000 mm of rainfall and entered The Guinness Book of Records (now Guinness World Records) for this astonishing feat. The hefty portion of Mawsynram’s rain falls during the monsoon season, which lasts from April to October annually.
Trailing close behind as the second wettest place is the Cherrapunji village in India, just 15 km from Mawsynram. Its annual average rainfall is approximately 11,777 mm, and during the wet season, rain would fall nonstop for 15 to 21 days at a stretch. Ironically, despite having so much rain, residents suffer water shortages in winter when rain is absent for months.
The Driest Place
The site with the driest climate is the Atacama Desert in Chile. The annual rainfall of the desert is less than 5 mm per year, making it 50 times more arid than Death Valley, the world’s hottest place. It is also the only desert in the world to receive less rain than the poles. NASA astrobiologists make regular trips to the Atacama Desert to gain insight into life on distant planets.
Serena Park Staff Reporter teen/1708395857/1613367750
1. Where is the coldest place? Explain in detail.
2. Where is the hottest place? Explain in detail.
3. Where is the rainiest place? Explain in detail.
4. Where is the driest place? Explain in detail.
1. What are the pros and cons of being in a cold climate?
2. What are the pros and cons of being in a hot climate?
3. Which is better--living in a rainy or a dry climate? Explain.
4. Which is better--living in city or the countryside? Explain.